Parental Alienation and Determining Child Custody
Forensic psychiatrist Dr. Richard Gardner initially identified Parental Alienation Syndrome (PAS) in 1985. This disorder frequently arose during child custody disputes among divorcing couples. When this occurs, the child becomes aligned with one parent with the primary goal of denigrating the other parent. In extreme cases, the child who once had a loving and bonded relationship with the targeted parent becomes alienated from them.